Why Engineering in Metallurgy?


What is engineering?
Engineering is the application of scientific knowledge to solving problems.

What makes engineering different from science? Science allow us to gain knowledge about the world and the universe whereas engineering allows this understanding to come to life through problem-solving, building and designing things. Engineers should have the ability to solve complex problems, implement solutions in cost-effective and practical ways. The most exciting thing about engineering is nothing but the ability to face a problem, tackle complex situations and come up with a solution to interpret them into reality.

Common Skills of Engineers?

The first and foremost skill that an engineer should possess is problem-solving skills. They should also retain good communication skills, organizing and designing skills. These skills are highly dependent on rational thinking and decision making and that’s the reason why most of the engineers come from Maths or Science backgrounds. Engineers should also be software experts and should have good understanding of programming and computing skills.

What does an Engineer do?

Engineers apply their knowledge to come up with economical solutions and solve technical problems. They are also responsible to develop new products which makes our life at ease. The products ranges from chemicals, computers, power plants etc.

In addition to their contribution to the field of development of products, engineers are also involved in testing, production and maintenance. Those engineers are mainly roped in for supervising the production in factories and to check the quality of the products.

Engineering in Metallurgy explained.

So, what is metallurgy? Metallurgy is nothing but the study of behaviors and properties of the metals and their extraction from the ores. Nearly everything we need in our present-day civilization is based on metals. Almost all uses of electricity rely on copper and aluminum. All around us we see the utilization of metals. No substance rather than metals has been important in the story of man’s control over the environment. Nothing is possible without metals, as a result, the Metallurgy discipline in Engineering is a diverse field and is gaining a lot of recognition these days.

What’s all that got to do with Metallurgy?

Metallurgy is relevant to the material science, welding, quality control, industrial technology etc. Metallurgy also plays a role in the extraction of ores to the casting of metals. From every single step, from the extraction of the ore to its final step, the metallurgists can study the behavior and properties of the metals.

What does a Metallurgical Engineer do?

Use different metals to create innovative products.

Metallurgical engineers work with metals to design new products. They are also responsible to refine the collection process and also will have to blend different metals to suit the needs. Another area of work is extraction, metallurgical engineers will be responsible to find new methods for extracting the ores, and this is usually done in laboratories.

Engineering in Metallurgy- What will I study?

Degree programs cover the mining, extraction, designing and processing of metals. The program will also give a good idea on how metals react to environmental changes or stress. Metallurgy also involves the study, implementation, designing and improvement of processes which transforms minerals resources and metals to useful products to improve our day-to-day life.

The 3 main streams of Metallurgy includes:

1)    Physical Metallurgy: As the name implies, physical metallurgy is the science of making/creating new products out of metals.

2)    Chemical Metallurgy: Chemical metallurgy is the science of obtaining metals from their ores.

3)    Mineral Processing: Mineral processing, also called as one dressing is the process of extracting commercially valuable minerals such as Gold, Platinum, Ruby, Jade etc. from their ores.

Some of the top Institutions in India which offers B.Tech in Metallurgy

  • Jain University, Bangalore
  • College of Engineering, Waltair
  • Kakatiya University, Warangal
  • MG Institute of Technology, Ghandhipet

Careers in Metallurgical Engineering

Choosing a good career will have a major impact on your life. Most people will find it hard to choose a career as he/she may be unaware of the many career paths open.  As you might be knowing already, a profession in metallurgy is much diverse and offers tons of career openings. There’s a high need for metallurgical engineers in almost all industries nowadays.


 Top Recruiters:

  • Larson Group
  • New Bharat Refractories Ltd
  • Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd
  • The Metal Powder Company Ltd
  • Jindal Steel
  • HCL
  • Utkal Mineral
  • TATA Steel
  • Steel Authority of India (SAIL)


Top Designations for Metallurgy Graduates:

  • Metallurgist
  • Welding Engineer
  • Plant Equipment Engineer
  • Ballistics Engineer
  • Quality Planning Engineer
  • Senior Process Engineer
  • Supplier Development Engineer

Further Career options

Individuals who have completed their B.tech in Metallurgy can either opt for a job from the vast opportunities available or they can enroll for Master’s Program and can go for higher studies.


Engineering is something we can’t ignore, all our lives are one way or another connected to engineering. Engineering contributes a lot of things to the society, in fact engineers transforms science and technology into something tangible and useful.

Without engineers, we won’t have many essential things which are needed in our day-to-day life. Be it IT engineers, Mechanical engineers, Metallurgical engineers, Civil engineers, each and every one of them plays a huge role in making our lives better.